By Stephanie SchupskaUniversity of GeorgiaSay “sorghum” in many parts of Georgia, and the topic may turn to the values of sorghum syrup. Wait a few years, though, and that same biscuit-topper may be the center of a biofuels discussion.Like many crops, grain sorghum has trouble thriving in Georgia’s typically humid climate. But both statewide and nationwide, its worth is growing.”At the moment, sorghum is the No. 2 bioethanol crop in the country,” said University of Georgia scientist Andrew Paterson. “Bioethanol is currently produced from seeds. There are a number of reasons why we’d want to use the whole plant.”With a farm-sales value of $3.2 million, sorghum ranked No. 56 among Georgia crops in 2005, between apples and okra. As a seed-based ethanol crop, sorghum falls right below corn. “Grain sorghum is a good substitute for corn,” said agricultural economist John McKissick, director of the UGA Center for Agribusiness and Economic Development. The center is studying the feasibility of growing sorghum and other crops for biofuel in Georgia.What sets sorghum apart as a prospective whole-plant-based ethanol crop is that sorghum can easily be made perennial. Coming back year after year, perennials aren’t as prone as annuals to causing erosion, Paterson said.Sorghum efficiently converts the sun’s light into energy and needs only about half the water of corn. That makes it a prime candidate for further ethanol studies.”It can easily make the transition from seed-based to whole-plant-based biofuels,” Paterson said.This transition has already happened with sorghum’s cousin, sugarcane, which is grown in the U.S.’s tropical climates. Sugarcane is the No. 1 ethanol-producing crop worldwide, he said.When it comes to sorghum, Paterson’s research focuses deeply on the plant itself, not necessarily its by-products: food, feed, ethanol and alcoholic beverages.Paterson has spent 15 years studying sorghum’s genetic blueprint. He’s hoping now to find answers: Why is the plant more drought-resistant than corn? How did it get its genetic makeup? What genes give certain plants height and others disease resistance?”First we built a genetic map of sorghum,” Paterson said. “It’s kind of like the mileposts on a highway. We had the mileposts but not the asphalt between them. There was still a lot we didn’t know.”Recently, the U.S. Department of Energy completed the sequencing of sorghum at its Joint Genome Institute, collaborating with Paterson’s lab and several others.”It’s a huge advance,” he said of the JGI’s work. “It’s happened much more quickly than we expected.”Paterson, a distinguished research professor in the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences’ crop and soil science department, is also director of the UGA Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory (www.plantgenome.uga.edu).And now, thanks to a fellowship from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, he can examine sorghum’s 740 million bases, or letters, more thoroughly. At 740 million letters of DNA, sorghum has a genetic code roughly a quarter the size of the human genome.Guggenheim Fellows are appointed for their distinguished achievement and exceptional promise and receive a grant to use in their research.”I think the most interesting outcome of this work,” Paterson said of the fellowship, “is that for the first time, we’ll have a picture of diversity among the cereals. Years ago, they sequenced the rice genome, and it was the only one for a while. Sorghum and rice are quite different.”Through computer models, he’ll be able to deduce what the sorghum gene set looks like. And he can build hypotheses on why sorghum has certain traits such as height, flowering and disease resistance that can be tested in the field. “Sorghum is important now as a promising biomass,” Paterson said. As the demand for biofuels increases, understanding the plant’s building blocks grows in importance, especially as scientists look at moving from seed-based to plant-based biofuels.
He added the patient, who was admittedat the Corazon Locsin Montelibano Memorial Regional Hospital (CLMMRH), wasdischarged from the hospital on yesterday. He also urged the public to alwaysverify information related to nCoV from the Department of Health website and torefrain from spreading fake news. As of Wednesday, the City HealthOffice reported two more PUIs – a 67-year-old male, a foreign national, who hada layover in Taiwan, and a 30 to 40-year-old Filipino male who traveled to HongKong. The remaining two PUIs were also atthe hospital waiting for the laboratory results from the RITM. BACOLOD City – A43-year-old Canadian national who was under investigation for a possible 2019 novel coronavirus acuterespiratory disease (2019-nCoV ARD) infection had tested negative for thevirus. One of the two is a 12-year-old with ahistory of travel to Hong Kong and Macau while the other is a 58-year-oldfemale. They are now confined in atertiary hospital, she added Dr. Julius Drilon, medical centerchief II, said in a statement that this was based on the result of theconfirmatory testing from the Research Institute for Tropical Medicine (RITM). CHO Environment and SanitationDivision head Grace Tan said the swab samples of the latest two patients wouldbe sent to the RITM as soon as possible. “The CLMMRH is assuring the publicthat the hospital is implementing strict infection control measures inproviding treatment to these patients,” Drilon said. The Bacolod City Disaster RiskReduction and Management Council has passed a resolution requesting for aP10-million budget that will be utilized by the inter-agency task force for theprevention and control of Novel Coronavirus (nCoV). (With a report from PNA/PN)
GREG DIXON/Herald file photoIn Sunday’s match against Northwestern, Wisconsin lost in the same fashion that has plagued it over the last month of the season.Despite a strong finish, the Badgers were unable to overcome a slow start to the game as they suffered a 2-1 loss to the Wildcats. The defeat was the fifth time in the last seven games in which the Badgers lost by one goal, and marked the fourth time in the same stretch in which Wisconsin was unable to score a goal in the first half.Northwestern showed early on why they are ranked No. 2 nationally in the NSCAA polls. Wildcats sophomore Matt Eliason, who trails Michigan State’s Doug DeMartin by one goal for the national lead in scoring, had another stellar performance against the Badgers. With 13 minutes left in the first half, Eliason was able to slip through Wisconsin’s defense, creating a 1-on-1 scoring chance against Wisconsin goalie Alex Horwath. With nobody to cover him, Eliason drilled a shot past Horwath from just inside the 18-yard box.“He’s just one of those guys that you always have to know where he is at,” Wisconsin head coach Jeff Rohrman said of Eliason. “You can’t give him that much room because he’s going to hurt you. I thought he did a great job of finishing the chances that he had today.”Although Wisconsin has been very successful this season in responding quickly to goals, the Badgers were unable to shut down Eliason in the game. Just over three minutes after scoring his first goal, Eliason tacked on his second score of the game.After receiving a pass from junior Carl Pett, Eliason was able to nail his second shot from only six yards out.“I thought the first half we made a couple of costly mistakes, and they capitalized on them,” Rohrman said. “I didn’t think we were as sharp and crisp and concentrated in the first half.”Characteristic of Wisconsin this season, the Badgers came out in the second half more aggressive and created more scoring chances. In the second half, UW took more overall shots, as well as shots on goal.Their grit was rewarded midway through the second half, when freshman Mark Roos saved a ball from going out of bounds 40 yards from the goal. Roos’ hustle paid big dividends for the Badgers, when moments later defenseman Andy Miller gave a cross pass towards a streaking Scott Lorenz. Lorenz’s header sailed past Northwestern goalie Mish Rosenthal.“Scott’s just one of those guys no matter what kind of game it is, he’s capable of putting in one or two at any moment,” Rohrman said. “It was a collective effort, and Scotty was in the right place at the right time and he took the chance well.”The score was just the third goal that Rosenthal, who came into Sunday ranked second nationally in goals against average, had given up the entire season.“We responded well once we got down two goals, and it’s a little frustrating to know to go down two,” Lorenz said. “It’s a common thing all year — we get down before we play our best with our backs against the wall, but the response was the right response.”Despite numerous attacks down the stretch, Rosenthal was able to respond with key saves. In the last great chance for the Badgers with under two minutes to play, the Wildcats’ keeper was able to stop a header from inside the 18-yard box, and Northwestern walked away with the 2-1 victory.“We threw everything we had at them, and they handled it,” Lorenz said. “We had more chances in the second half; we just couldn’t finish.”
Women’s World Cup 2019: President Trump noncommittal on USWNT White House visit The United States women’s national team brought in record-breaking numbers for some broadcasts during its 2019 World Cup victory Sunday.The final match, which ended with a 2-0 victory over the Netherlands, aired at 11 a.m. ET on Fox and posted a 10.0 (out of 27) overnight metered-market result. The viewership beat last year’s men’s World Cup final by over 20% but still fell behind the record-breaking 2015 women’s final between the USWNT and Japan, which aired in primetime. Women’s World Cup 2019: USWNT vet Carli Lloyd hints at retirement after winning 2nd title However, one network did reach record-breaking figures as the national team earned its fourth cup title.Telemundo Deportes reached historic numbers after 1.6 million viewers tuned into the broadcast on the Spanish-speaking station. It made for the most watched Women’s World Cup match ever on Spanish-language television. This game did pass the 2015 final, which had 1.27 million viewers, by 22%. Related News These numbers come in after scheduling became a topic of conversation with the cup final, the Copa América final and the CONCACAF Gold Cup final all slated for the same day. Women’s World Cup 2019: 3 reasons why USWNT won fourth title Before the USWNT’s game, which was the first of the three played Sunday, star Megan Rapinoe voiced her opinion on the matter, citing a lack of respect from FIFA.”It’s terrible scheduling for everyone,” Rapinoe said. “That’s a terrible idea to put everything on the same day. In every way. There’s two other finals going on but this is the World Cup final, this is like cancel-everything day. The World Cup final is set so far in advance. It’s actually unbelievable. So, no, I don’t think that we feel the same level of respect, certainly that FIFA has for the men and just in general.”
By Shemuel FanfairA mechanic from Belle West, West Bank Demerara has died six days after he was allegedly beaten by a group of drunken neighbours.Yogeshwar ShivcharranDead is Yogeshwar Shivcharran, known as “Shah Rukh Khan” of Lot 485 Belle West Housing Scheme, Canal Number Two Polder. The 31-year-old man succumbed to his injuries on Sunday evening as a result of blunt trauma and other associated injuries.According to the dead auto mechanic’s relatives, the man recently suffered from a mental illness, which led to regular seizures and worsened over the past two weeks.Guyana Times understands that Shivcharran, during a mental breakdown, stripped his clothes off and went to his neighbours, who were having a drink in the community. This publication was told that the men, who were in a drunken state, became annoyed by Shivcharran’s behaviour and reportedly pelted him with beer bottles before allegedly beating him in the head and about the body.The injured man was taken to the West Demerara Regional Hospital.Shivcharran’s common-law wife, Aresa Persaud explained that he would normally recover from his episodes.“He started pulling down things in de house and he saying that he seeing things so I was sacred from him so I go in de room and I lock up from because my lil’ daughter scared,” Persaud noted.“After I lock up…I didn’t know where he left and gone…all I hear my neighbours hollering: ‘Shah Rukh Khan’. I could hear like they beat him up ‘cause I could hear de hit – how they beating he,” the man’s reputed wife related.Persaud also told this newspaper that relatives had made several reports to La Grange Police Station from Tuesday onwards, but Police only showed up after he died.Guyana Times understands that several men from the community were questioned about the incident.Meanwhile, the dead man’s mother, Shantie Mohan, who was providing the Police with a statement when this newspaper visited the La Grange Police Station, said she wanted justice for her firstborn.“I feel really bad and really sad; my first child to die like this and I need justice for this,” his mother declared. The woman also explained that her son was a good father, despite his challenges.Shivcharran leaves to mourn his reputed wife, daughter and a son from a previous relationship. An investigation has been launched.